Cultural capital is the accumulation of knowledge, behaviours, and skills that a child can draw upon and which demonstrates their cultural awareness, knowledge and competence; it is one of the key ingredients a pupil will draw upon to be successful in society, their career and the world of work.
In art, Cultural Capital can be gained in many ways;
· From the study of differing cultures and artists both internationally and locally.
· Opportunities to create art from a wide range of topics including local, national, and international issues
· Knowledge of local and international artists
· Creating a link to the ‘self’ – becoming you.
· Encouraging a curiosity about the world.
DT planning and teaching Art and Design, our teachers ensure they provide opportunities to promote the following: –
· Spiritual development: Through helping pupils to recognise their own creativity and the creativity of others. Art supports spiritual development by introducing children to the work of great artists and fosters awe and wonder at the achievements of these great works of art. They also experience great admiration and respect for their peers’ work when they see the level of achievement and progress.
· Moral development: Through helping pupils to reflect how Art affects the environment, so that they can make informed choices when planning and creating. Children have to act sensitively to others, showing an awareness of how they can be a critical friend and offer constructive criticism without being offensive.
· Social development: Through helping pupils to recognise the need to consider the views of others when discussing creative ideas, and by working on collaborative projects, making the most of different strengths and interests within a team. Discussion about what the artist is trying to portray and their opinions on the artwork are actively encouraged, in an atmosphere whereby children mutually respect and value each other’s opinions.
· Cultural development: Through exploring Art’s contribution to the quality of life within different cultures, and through valuing and reflecting on the responses of people from other cultures towards Art. The subject supports cultural development work by enabling children to study art involving various cultures and civilizations from around the world. They lead to a greater understanding of different ways of life and a respect for cultures that are very different from our own; how they can enrich our own lives. The fusion of art work between our own and other cultures leads to pupils incorporating designs, patterns and motifs in their own work developed by a deeper understanding of the culture.
· Mental Health: Through being able to recognise, acknowledge and express their own thoughts and feeling through their art work in a safe environment. It can be used to help manage behaviours, process feelings, reduce stress and anxiety and increase self-esteem. It can act as a tool to help relieve emotion or stress.
At Cheadle Primary School we strive to offer the best possible learning opportunities for our children. To enrich our curriculum, we have carefully chosen experiences that allow our children to enjoy hands-on activities linked to their whole-class Art projects. We place great importance on educational visits and visitors to enhance the art curriculum. These trips, alongside various other strategies discussed above allow teachers to facilitate learning so that pupils can note connections, contrasts and trends over time and are more holistically developed to enter the world as wider informed individuals. For example Year 1 visit Hanley Museum to study toys from the past and then incorporated their learning into designing toys for their own class projects.