Early Reading

RWI Phonics

“The more that you read, the more things you will know. The more that you learn, the more places you'll go.

Dr Seuss

Early Reading Leader: Miss Kim Lomas

Phonics Link Governor: 

External Links: Lacey Green English Hub

Vision and Intent

 At Cheadle Primary School we aim for all our children 

to become fluent, confident readers who are passionate 

about reading.

Children who read regularly or are read to regularly have the opportunity to open the doors to so many different worlds!

More importantly, reading will give your child the tools to become independent life-long learners.


We can achieve this together through:

·         Read Write Inc, a program to help to your child read at school

·         Encouraging children to develop a love of books by reading to them daily, at home and at school

·         Giving children access to a wide range of books at school and at home


At Cheadle Primary School we use Read Write Inc Phonics (RWI) to give your child the best possible start with their Literacy development.  

Early Reading Leader

My name is Miss Lomas and I am the phonics lead at Cheadle Primary School. My role is to ensure that our children develop the early reading skills that they need to read fluently. 

We know that when children learn to read successfully at an early age, they develop greater knowledge and a wider range of vocabulary. Reading is the key to learning more and understanding more; and to achieving success both at school and in life.

What is Read Write Inc?


Read Write Inc (RWI) is a phonics complete literacy programme which helps all children learn to read fluently and at speed so they can focus on developing their skills in comprehension, vocabulary and spelling.  The programme is designed for children aged 4-7. However, at CPS we begin the programme in Nursery and will continue teaching RWI to children beyond the age of 7, as we use a stage not age approach. RWI was developed by Ruth Miskin and more information on this can be found at https://www.ruthmiskin.com/en/parents-copy-2/ 


How will RWI be taught?


All children are assessed regularly by our RWI lead teacher.  From these assessments children are grouped into stages, where they work with peers on the same stage.  

Nursery & Reception

When appropriate, children will be introduced to the initial sounds in short five minutes sessions.

In Reception all children will learn how to ‘read’ the sounds in words and how those sounds can be written down.




The children:

·         Learn 44 sounds and the corresponding letters/letter groups using simple picture prompts – see below

·         Learn to read words using Fred talk and sound blending

·         Read from a range of storybooks and non-fictions books matched to their phonic knowledge

·         Work well with partners

·         Develop comprehension skills in stories by answering 'Find It' and 'Prove It' discussion questions




The children:

·         Learn to write and form the letters/letter groups which represent the 44 sounds with the help of fun phrases

·         Learn to write words by using Fred Talk

·         Learn to build sentences by practicing sentences out loud before they write 




The children

·         They work in pairs so that they:

·         Answer every question

·         Practice every activity with their partner

·         Take turns in talking and reading to each other

·         Develop ambitious vocabulary


Progressing through the stages


Children follow the same format as Early Years but will work on complex sounds and read books appropriate to their reading level. Daily sessions of RWI phonics last for at least 45 minutes.  Once children become fluent speedy readers they will move on to the RWI Spelling programme.


Five key principles underpin the teaching in all Read Write Inc. sessions:  


Purpose – know the purpose of every activity and share it with the children, so they know the one thing they should be thinking about

Participation – ensure every child participates throughout the lesson. Partnership work is fundamental to learning

Praise – ensure children are praised for effort and learning, not ability

Pace – teach at an effective pace and devote every moment to teaching and learning

Passion – be passionate about teaching so children can be engaged emotionally.


Children will be taught how to read as follows:

Before you start to teach your child, practice saying the sounds below. 

These are the sounds we use to speak in English. Children initially

 begin using pictures for each sound, this will help children recognise 

the sound and then form the shape of the sound. 

Fred Talk


We use pure sounds (‘m’ not’ muh’,’s’ not ‘suh’, etc.) so that your child will be able to blend the sounds into words more easily.

At school we use a puppet called Fred who is an expert on sounding out words! we call it, ‘Fred Talk’. E.g. m-o-p, c-a-t, m-a-n, sh-o-p, b-l-a-ck.

 The following video is an example of blending sounds with Fred. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dEzfpod5w_Q The children are taught the sounds in 3 sets.


At this stage we do not use the letter names


Use the link below to support your pronunciation sounds correctly.



Step 2:

The children are then taught Set 2 Sounds - the long vowels. When they are very confident with all of set 1 and 2 they are taught Set 3 Sounds.

sounds 2.pdf

Nonsense words (Alien words)- What 'a load' or nonsense!       


As well as learning to read and blend real words children will have plenty of opportunities to apply their sound recognition skills on reading ‘Nonsense words’. These words will also feature heavily in the Year One Phonics Screening check in the summer term.  These words provide endless opportunities for children to apply and practice their thinking in a range of different contexts. 

Step 3:

Within all the RWI sessions/books children will be exposed to red and green words to learn to help them to become speedy readers. Red words are words that are not easily decodable and challenge words to extend children’s vocabulary. Green words are linked to the sounds they have been learning and are easily decodable.

Dots and dashes represent the sound each letter makes.

During the RWI session children will read the book three times and at each new reading they will have plenty of opportunities to practice using their developing comprehension skills. You may have heard your child talking about ‘hold, edit or build a sentence’.


Hold a sentence is an activity that encourages children to remember a whole sentence while focusing on spelling and punctuation.


Build a sentence is to give children the opportunity to create their own sentence to that shows the meaning of a word and edit a sentence allows the children to critique a sentence using their knowledge of spelling punctuation and grammar. Children complete a longer piece of independent writing, which gives them the opportunity to show off their creativity and to practice their spelling, grammar and punctuation.


To help at home:

Your child will start to bring books home when they are confident readers, relating to their reading stage. You will find they will bring home a phonics based book, this will aid application, speed and fluency- developing speedy reading!  Following on from this, they will bring a comprehension based book which will begin to enrich their reading, which will require decoding skills.  Only then, children will bring home enriched reading books which will enhance their understanding via inspirational language promoting depth to their understanding.


Useful websites for Parents

Please find a list of websites that you may find useful in helping you and your child  learn about phonics. Games and fun activity websites are also included.

Ruth Miskin Parents’ Page:


Ruth Miskin Facebook:


Free e-books for home reading: